While this page focuses on Arabian lore, it will also list information for all Middle Eastern nations. This region is often considered the birthplace of humanity and of civilization. It has likewise developed a staggering history that reaches back farther than anywhere else.
This page focuses on folklore from all Middle Eastern nations. Each nation will be given its own page as soon as enough information is compiled.
• Eil Kenie: There are several variations in the spelling of this substance. More modernly, it’s known as “kohl.” This substance was used centuries ago for a variety of purposes. The substance itself could be gelatinous or a liquid, and is always black. It’s applied to the eye area of the face. Traditionally, it was believed to grant the wearer the gift of cat’s sight. Some groups believe it held protection against the evil eye. Others just wore it as protection from the sun. There were countless recipes for the substance, several include lead sulfide or malachite and copper ore.
• Abdelazys: This Arabian astrologer lived in the 1000s. He’s more known by his Latin name, Alchabitius. He wrote a treatise on astrology and it remained so respected that it was translated and reprinted through the 1500s.
• Aben-Ragel: This famous Arabian astrologer was born around 5 AD, in Cordova, Spain. Legend states most of his predictions came true.
• Abou-Ryhan: An astrologer who was said to tell the future. His real name was Mohammed-ben-Ahmed.
• Achmet: A Ninth Century soothsayer. He wrote a book on the correct interpretation of dreams. The original volume was lost, but Greek and Latin translations were printed in the 1600s.
• Alchindus: A doctor from the 1000s. Many also suspected he was a magician and superstitious writer. He cured patients by using charmed words and figure combinations. He wrote, The Theory of the Magic Arts.
• Baaras: Known as the “Golden Plant,” it was invaluable to alchemists in the transmutation of metals.
• Aglaophotis: This herb was used by sorcerers to summon demons.
• Ahazu: This demon, also called “The Seizer,” was little mentioned in history. It was supposed to be the same as “Ahazie,” a demon who brought sickness.
Belomancy was often practiced in Arabia and surrounding nations. This was a method of divining that involved tying a number of predictions onto arrows and firing them into the air. The first arrow located would deliver the accurate prediction.
• Bedouins say curses when ghosts walk.
• Ahrimanes: Chief of the fallen angels among the Persians and Babylonians (Chaldeans).
• Divs: They are the same as the European devils. According to ancient Persian lore, they could be either male or female. Males were more dangerous.
• Ahriman: a Persian devil.
• Gian ben Gian: Cheif among Persian infernal deities.
• Alamut: A mountain with spiritual significance. It was the home of the group known as “Hassassins,” or today, “Assassins.”
• Arphaxat: This sorcerer who was killed by a “thunderbolt,” as written by Abdias of Babylon. His death occurred at the same time St. Jude and St. Simon were martyred.
• Bad: This Jinn commands the winds and tempests. The 22nd day of the month is his.
• Austatikeo-Pauligaur: A class of eight demons, known for their power. They live on the eight sides of the world.
• Bahaman- This Jinn appeases anger. He governed livestock and other animals of peaceful temperance.
• Mount Kaf: The abode of an evil genii. The capital is Aherman-abad.
• Allah: In Babylonian myth, he ruled Hades.
• Allat: She was the wife of Allah. They ruled over Babylonian hell together.
• Alli Allahis: An old sect of Magi in Persia.
• Bahaman: the Jinn who appeases anger and governs all livestock.
• Caiumarath: He’s also called “Kaid-mords.” He was the first man, who lived for a thousand years. He reigned for 560 of those years. He created a tree, and the fruits were humans. The devil seduced the first couple, and after their fall, they wore black garments and awaited the end of the world.
• The Cup of Djemscheed: This was a cup used for divination in ancient Persian literature. Legend states workers found the cup when they were digging the foundation for Persepolis.
• The ancient Persians believed if they were robbed during the day, it was done by evil spirits, and they were too afraid to look for what was taken, or they would encounter the evil spirit.
• The word for ghost is “hagogo,” which came from the Phoenicians.
A group of Iranian Eurasian nomads found throughout Central and Eastern Europe.
• Abaris: a high priest of Apollo and famous magician. Legend says that Apollo was so impressed by his devotion that he gave him a golden arrow to ride through the air. Afterward, Greeks called him Aerobate. Pythagoras was his pupil, and stole the arrow. He never ate or drank and accomplished many miracles.
• Anamelech: This obscure demon brought bad news. He was worshipped in the town of Sepharvaum (modern Abu-Habba). The name means, “good king.” Some sources believed he was the moon, while Andramelech was the sun.
Ishmaelite (Traditionally, the common ancestor of Arab peoples.)
• Ainsaril: A sect of assassins who continued to live on long after their society was destroyed.