Weird Weather 1-500 AD
Famine accompanied pestilence in Judea.
Famine reported in Ireland. Pestilence in Asia Minor, accompanied by earthquakes that went into Greece and Italy.
Lydia suffered a tremendous earthquake. Roman and Greek historians such as Strabo, Eusebius, Tacitus, and Pliny the Elder chronicled the disaster. Pliny called it the “greatest earthquake in human memory.” Sardis, which had been the capital of Lydia, was destroyed and never recovered.
Famine and disease reach from Italy to India. Babylon was nearly depopulated.
Famine and pestilence stretched from Italy to India. Babylon was almost depopulated.
While diseases reigned in Rome, Etna erupted, and brought more famine.
Portugal and Galicia (Spain) suffered an earthquake, followed by a tsunami.
Pompeii suffered an earthquake on February 5. Pompeii and Herculaneum were devastated, and researchers today question if this was a precursor to the Mt. Vesuvius eruption that buried Pompeii in 79 AD. Seneca the Younger reported that 600 sheep died from “tainted air,” suggesting the presence of volcanic gases.
Mount Vesuvius erupted in late August. Clouds from the eruption rose over 20 miles into the air. The eruption’s raw power has been compared to several hundred thousand times that of the Hiroshima bomb. It remains one of the most catastrophic eruptions in European history. Not only was Pompeii buried, but so were several other cities, including Herculaneum. The death toll was to expansive to estimate, but archeologists have discovered around 1,500 bodies just in current excavations around the two cities.
Italy suffered one of the worst droughts in history. This brought on a horrible plague in Rome. Eight years later, 30,000 Romans had died of disease. Earthquakes, unusual storms, and bizarre “commotions of nature,” followed. Countless dead fish washed ashore along the coasts.
England suffered an earthquake. Plague came to Wales. The Severn flooded the surrounding areas.
Antioch endured a major earthquake on December 13. The nearby cities of Apamea and Beirut also suffered a tremendous damage. The quake brought about a tsunami and destroyed Caesarea Maritima. The estimated death toll was 260,000.
Drought came to England. The Thames was nearly dried. The extended drought brought pestilences.
Arabia and Rome were stricken with pestilence. Further “disruptions” of nature occurred. Swarms of locusts and caterpillars devoured food. The pestilence brought on fever, as well as gangrene of the extremities.
The Tiber flooded. Famine came, as well as a strange pestilence. The air was “infected,” and the disease spread via human transmission to Antioch.
Lucius Verus, Roman Emperor, was rumored to spread plague wherever he went. Disease followed him from Seleucia to Egypt, and then the Parthians.
England endured a strangely harsh winter.
Britain suffered a plague, but was also hit with an earthquake and the Trent flooded.
Famine visited the Mediterranean region. Italy and Syria already suffered plague. Judea also suffered with drought, locusts, fatal disease, and eventually flooding.
Drought, famine, and disease came to Libya, Sicily, and Greece, and all were followed by earthquakes.
Crete suffered an earthquake on July 21. The epicenter of the event was believed to be just outside the city. The quake caused much destruction through Southern Greece, Northern Libya, Sicily, Cyprus, and even into Spain. Nearly everything in Crete was destroyed. The following tsunami seemed to only further annihilate and ships were hurled nearly two miles inland. The death toll was estimated be hundreds of thousands.
Locusts swarmed Judea.
Pestilence devastated Asia, Africa, and Europe. An earthquake then swallowed several cities in Palestine.
Locusts swarmed in Egypt. Once they were dead, a terrible plague came.
Rome suffered a famine so harsh that many citizens resorted to cannibalism.
Constantinople was hit with a severe earthquake, wildfire, and pestilence.
An earthquake hit Sparta in Greece. The historic death toll was estimated to be 20,000.
A great, brown stone fell at Aegospotami during the time of Plutarch. It was said to be the size of a cart and became a regional landmark for centuries. It is difficult to pinpoint a precise time as the Greeks didn’t maintain a national calendar. Aristotle, Pliney the Elder, and Plutarch wrote about the event.
Procopius wrote that black dust showers came to Constantinople, or Istanbul today.
England was hit by a “plague of insects.”