Arabian Folklore and Myth


The Middle East as of 500 AD. This is the current map we use for this page.

The page on Arabia will list information for Middle Eastern nations. This place is often considered the birthplace of humanity, and civilization. Due to the tremendous number of changes seen in the Middle East, just in the past millennium, all nations within that perimeter are listed here. As more material is published, specific nations will be given their own page.








  • Eil Kenie- Several spelling variations are found in the English language. It was also called “kohl.” This was used centuries ago. It could be gelatinous, or liquid. The black substance was applied around the eye area. It was believed to offer the wearer the gift of cat’s sight. A number of groups also believed it could protect from the Evil Eye, or just protect the delicate eye area from the sun. It was made from a variety of substances, such as crushed lead sulfide or malachite and copper ore.
  • Abdelazys- Arabian astrologer from around 1000 AD. He is better known by his Latin name, Alchabitius. His treatise on astrology was so popular it was translated into Latin and printed through the Sixteenth Century.
  • Aben-Ragel-  He was born in Cordova, Spain, around 5 AD, and became a famous Arabian astrologer. Legend said most of his predictions came to fruition.
  • Abou-Ryhan- This astrologer’s real name was Mohammed-ben-Ahmed. Legend said he could tell the future.
  • Achmet- Soothsayer of the 9th Century. He wrote a volume on the interpretation of dreams. The original book is lost, but Greek and Latin versions were printed as late as the 1600s.
  • Alchindus- A doctor of the 11th Century. Some also consider him to be a magician or superstitious writer. He used charmed words and figure combinations to cure his patients. He wrote a book titled, The Theory of the Magic Arts.
  • Baaras- also known as the “Golden Plant.” It was invaluable to alchemists in the transmutation of metal.
  • Belomancy was often practiced in Arabia and surrounding nations. This involved tying a number of predictions onto arrows and firing them into the air. The first one located would deliver the accurate prediction.
  • Aglaophotis- An herb sorcerers used to summon demons.
  • Ahazu- Also called “The Seizer,” this demon was little mentioned in history. It was supposed to be the same as “Ahazie,” a demon who brought sickness.



  • Bedouins say curses when ghosts walk.


Persia (Iraq)

  • Ahrimanes- Chief of the fallen angels among the Persians and Babylonians (Chaldeans).
  • Ahriman- the Persian devil.
  • Alamut- A mountain with spiritual significance.
  • Arphaxat- Sorcerer who was killed with by a “thunderbolt,” as written of by Abdias of Babylon. His death occurred at the same time St. Jude and St. Simon were martyred.
  • Bad- a Jinn who commands the winds and tempests. The 22nd day of the month is his.
  • Austatikeo-Pauligaur- They were once a class of powerful evil spirits. These eight demons are on the eight sides of the world.
  • Bad- A Jinn who commanded winds and storms. The 22nd day of the month is his day.
  • Bahaman- A Jinn who appeased anger. He governed livestock and other animals of peaceful temperance.
  • The ancient Persians believed if they were robbed during the day, it was done by evil spirits, and they were too afraid to look for what was taken, or they would encounter the evil spirit.
  • Allah- in Chaldean myth, the ruler of Hades.
  • Allat- wife of Allah, and together they ruled over the Chaldean Hell.
  • Alli Allahis- An old sect of Magi in Persia.
  • Bahaman- the Jinn who appeases anger and governs all livestock.
  • Caiumarath- also called Kaid-mords. This was the first man, who lived for a thousand years. He reigned for 560. He created a tree, and the fruits were humans. The devil seduced the first couple, and after their fall, they wore black garments and awaited the end of the world.



  • The word for ghost is “hagogo.” The term came from the Phoenicians.



A group of Iranian Eurasian nomads found throughout Central and Eastern Europe.

  • Abaris- a high priest of Apollo and famous magician during his life. Legend says he so flattered Apollo that the god gave him a golden arrow to ride through the air. Afterward, Greeks called him Aerobate. Pythagoras was his pupil, and stole the arrow. He never ate or drank and accomplished many miracles.



  • Anamelech- An obscure demon who brought bad news. He was worshipped in the town of Sepharvaum (modern Abu-Habba). The name means, “good king.” Some sources believed he was the moon, while Andramelech was the sun.



Ishmaelite (Traditionally, the common ancestor of Arab peoples.)

  • Ainsaril- A sect of assassins who continued to live on long after their society was destroyed.



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